|YPC issues the third and fourth performance reports of the parliament|
Private – YPWatch
The Yemen Polling Center (YPC) issues its report on the parliament performance during the period from September 2010- May 2011 including an evaluation for the parliament performance during the period of public revolution outbreak, the imbalances in the mode of power inside the parliament brought about by the revolution, and a report on the parliament legislative and monitoring performance within the last eight months.
The report indicated that the constitutional period of the parliament ended in February 2011 where the parliament had finished its six years stipulated constitution as well as the additional two years. The parliament was elected in April 2003 and extended its period in February 2009 for two years to become eight years instead of six.
The report pointed to the imbalances of powers inside the parliament caused by the popular uprising and resulted in changes in the volumes of some parliamentary blocs such as the independents and ruling party’s blocs. Moreover, the report showed the volume and nature of such imbalances in two points: 1) The ruling party General People’s Congress (GPC) lost 57 out of total 242 of its MPs who resigned from GPC during the period from February- April 2011 because of the attempts of the government to quell the anti-regime protests, 2) the raise of a new parliamentary bloc called “Liberal bloc” involving twelve MPs defected from JPC which adopted negative attitudes towards the regime.
According to the report, the parliament held 36 sessions without quorum, since the beginning of the popular uprising in February 2011 up till the date of preparing the report in July 2011. The report found out that most of the discussions on the revolution were with no vain and never led to any decisions or practical measurements.
Significantly, the investigative committees assigned by the parliament to investigate in the causes of the uprising did not complete their work except for the fact findings committee which followed up the protests in Aden and emphasized, in its report, on using security forces to deal with the incidents.
In the same context, the report recorded many important parliamentary issues among which ratifying the electoral law amendments on September 11, 2010 proposed by the GPC bloc with boycott and protest from the opposition parties blocs.
In the context of preparations for parliamentary elections in April 2011, the parliament voted on September 14, 2011 to constitute a Supreme Committee of Elections and Referendum (SCER) composed of 15 judges listed by the speaker of the parliament and approved by GPC bloc with protest of opposition MPs and doubts on the legitimacy of voting.
Ratifying the emergency law formed the most prominent decision and measurement taken by parliament regarding the situations that Yemen has witnessed since the outbreak of the uprising in February 2011. This procedure reflected the security view by which the parliamentary dealt with the popular revolution. Also, the involvements of adopting and ratifying the emergency law reflected the disorder between the legislative and executive powers.
In regards to the monitoring performance of the parliament during the period from September 2010- May 2011, the report indicates to non-improvement in the parliament’s performance in comparison to previous periods. Moreover, it is possible to say that the parliament witnessed significant retreat in its performance considering the incidents that Yemen witnesses during this period. For more details the report shows the most important notes on the monitoring performance of the parliament during this period.
The report considered many findings among which the incomplete discussion of the constitutional contravention committed by the prime minister deputy for economic affairs by assuming two powers at a time – the minister of planning and international cooperation and head of the social fund for development –, and though the parliament had started the discussion the issue in one of its session and decided to address the government to correct the status of the minister, nothing was done and the parliament did not discussed the issue any more up till the end of the period.
In a similar issue, the parliament did not summon the Prime Minister Deputy for the defense and security issues to interrogate him on lies to parliament, published in some documents of Wikileaks website, that Yemen not USA was the organization that carried out the air strikes in Abyan governorate to the south of Yemen.
In the same context, the minister of interior is considered the most nonresponsive minister to the summons of the parliament where he apologized for not attending five sessions allocated for hearing his answers to some questions of MPs. Also, the Yemen Parliament Watch Projected indicated in its report to the shortcomings in the parliament performance such the absence of following up recommendations and difficulty of the parliamentary committees work.
During the period from September 2010 to May 2011, the parliament discussed 11 observatory reports proposed by general and special parliamentary committees. The parliament commenced its sessions for this period with 20 observatory reports on its agenda.
In addition, the report recorded many notes on the reports proposed by parliamentary committees during this period where the parliament discussed only 8 out of 20 observatory reports though it assigned the mean committees to make and submit the reports in previous periods.
The report found many facts reducing the observatory role of the parliament, according to Yemen Parliament Watch, emphasizing that the period (September 2010- May 2011) did not involve discussion of any interrogations, as no MP proposed any interrogation though the parliament commenced the sessions of this period with 81 questions in its agenda directed to ministers in the government during previous periods in addition to adding 24 new questions. Only 14 questions were answered out of 105 questions.
Moreover, the report touched on the legislative performance of the parliament indicating to its weakness and non-effectiveness in this regard along the period from September 2010 to May 2011.
The report stated that the rate of legislations proposed by the parliament is very low in comparison to the legislations proposed by the government. During the period of preparing the report only two MPs proposed with draft laws, while the government proposed with 32 legislations. This rate reflects the low level of the legislative efficiency of the MPs and reflects the number of MPs participating in the legislative discussions where the number of MPs who talk in most of draft laws does not exceed 7 MPs.
This report is one of a series of periodic reports issues by the Yemen Parliament Watch Project aiming to enhancing the abilities of the Yemeni Parliament by providing central mechanism of information and key data for the MPs, concerned CSOs, journalists and citizens. The overall objective of this project conducted by Yemen Polling Center (YPC) and funded by European Union through the Eurropean Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) to enhance the parliament, and developing and enhancing the communication mechanism among MPs, citizens in general and electorate in particular.
YPC would like to draw the attention that a performance report is available for citizens, other stakeholders and others interested on YPWatch website (YPWatch.org) …